Jan 13 – 15, 2021
Paul Scherrer Institut
Europe/Zurich timezone

Phase cycling and coherent spectroscopy in the XUV domain

Jan 14, 2021, 5:20 PM
Virtual only (Paul Scherrer Institut)

Virtual only

Paul Scherrer Institut

Forschungsstr. 111 CH-5232 Villigen
WavemiX 2021


Frank Stienkemeier (University of Freiburg)


In the visible spectral range, coherent nonlinear spectroscopy is an important concept for the real-time study of ultrafast dynamics in complex quantum systems [1]. Likewise, theorists have suggested numerous applications in the XUV and X-ray domain [2]. However, corresponding experiments have been hindered by severe technical challenges involved with XUV/X-ray optics. These include the demand for sub-cycle phase stability and background-free detection of weak nonlinear signals based on phase matching/phase cycling schemes.
We present a new concept facilitating XUV/soft X-Ray interferometry combined with phase cycling. The method relies on precise manipulation of the timing and phase properties of the fundamental laser field driving harmonic generation. This enables interferometric XUV-pump, XUV-probe experiments with high sensitivity while omitting any modifications of the XUV beamline. The approach is demonstrated for high harmonic generation (HHG) in a gas cell [3] and at a seeded free-electron laser (FEL) [4]. In the tabletop HHG experiment, narrow-bandwidth harmonics around 14 eV in argon and krypton are characterized with high resolution through fringe-resolved linear XUV autocorrelation measurements [3]. At the seeded FEL, XUV wave packet interferometry is performed to probe the coherence decay of an atomic inner-valence excitation (28eV) in real-time [4]. Furthermore, Interatomic Coulombic Decay (ICD) dynamics in the HeNe dimer are studied. The combination of wave packet interferometry and phase cycling opens up a palette of methodologies in a single experiment, ranging from high-resolution absorption spectroscopy to time-resolved photoelectron spectroscopy and multidimensional coherent methods.

[1] S. Mukamel, Principles of Nonlinear Optical Spectroscopy (Oxford University Press, 1995)
[2] S. Mukamel et al., Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 64, 101 (2013)
[3] A. Wituschek et al., New J. Phys. 22, 092001 (2020)
[4] A. Wituschek et al., Nat Commun 11, 1 (2020)

Primary author

Frank Stienkemeier (University of Freiburg)

Presentation materials

There are no materials yet.