Sep 15 – 16, 2011
Paul Scherrer Institut, Villigen, Switzerland
Europe/Zurich timezone

Tomographic insight into the evolutionary assembly of the vertebrate head

Sep 15, 2011, 11:30 AM
45m
WHGA/001 (Paul Scherrer Institut, Villigen, Switzerland)

WHGA/001

Paul Scherrer Institut, Villigen, Switzerland

Talk Plenary session Plenary session

Speaker

Prof. Philip Donoghue (University of Bristol, UK)

Description

Most living vertebrates are jawed vertebrates (gnathostomes), and the living jawless vertebrates (cyclostomes) provide scarce information about the profound reorganization of the vertebrate head during the evolutionary origin of jaws. The extinct bony jawless vertebrates (ostracoderms) are regarded as precursors of jawed vertebrates, providing insight into this formative episode in vertebrate evolution. Using synchrotron radiation X-ray tomography, we describe the cranial anatomy of galeaspids, a 435–370 Ma ‘ostracoderm’ group from China and Vietnam. The paired nasal sacs of galeaspids are located anterolaterally in the braincase, and the hypophyseal duct opens anteriorly towards the oral cavity. These structures were thus already independent of each other, like in gnathostomes and unlike in cyclostomes and osteostracans and, therefore, have the condition that current developmental models regard as prerequisites for the development of jaws. Thus, reorganization of vertebrate head was not driven deterministically by the evolutionary origin of jaws but occurred stepwise, ultimately allowing the rostral growth of ectomesenchyme that now characterizes gnathostome head development.

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plenary

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talk

Primary author

Prof. Philip Donoghue (University of Bristol, UK)

Co-authors

Prof. Marco Stampanoni (PSI) Dr Min Zhu (IVPP) Prof. Philippe Janvier (MNHN, Paris) Mr Zhi-kun Gai (University of Bristol)

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